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牧星谭邮--肖宏的博客

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大清郵政史(1897-1911)之混合封---香港郵政局  

2017-08-17 07:26:55|  分类: 邮史资料 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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大清郵政史(1897-1911)之混合封---Hong Kong Office 香港郵政局 - 延陵牧星 - 牧星谭邮--肖宏的博客
 Postage due cover from Hankow to England. ICP 5c x 2 canceled by Hankow Dollar Dater on Feb. 18, 1899. Hong Kong 2c vertical pair canceled by Hong Kong P.O. CDS on Feb. 24, 1899. Hong Kong P.O. Circular T mark. "3D" marking for postage due.

The international letter rate at that time required 10c Hong Kong stamp, about UK 5d (indicated by the handwritten "5d"), therefore, the cover was 6c or 3d underpaid.

大清郵政史(1897-1911)之混合封---Hong Kong Office 香港郵政局 - 延陵牧星 - 牧星谭邮--肖宏的博客

 Post card from Canton to Ceylon. CIP 2c horizontal pair canceled by Canton Bilingual Dater on July 6, 1900. Hong Kong QV 2c vertical pair tied strike of I.P.O. Tie-Print and canceled by Hong Kong A CDS on July 7, 1900. Arrival Colombo CDS of July 19, 1900.

香港郵政局 (二)
Question No. 6
Which post office affixed the Hong Kong stamp and the IPO Tie-Print?
大清郵政史(1897-1911)之混合封---Hong Kong Office 香港郵政局 - 延陵牧星 - 牧星谭邮--肖宏的博客
 Postal card from Kiling to Switzerland. CIP Postal Stationery - 2nd Issue 1c, CIP 1c and 2c canceled by Kiling Lunar Dater on June 30, 1904. Transit Hinning Lunar Dater of July 1, 1904. Transit Swatow Bilingual Dater of July 3, 1904. Hong Kong KE 4c tied strike of I.P.O. Tie-Print and canceled by Hong Kong CDS on July 7, 1904. Arrival Tagertschi CDS of Aug. 11, 1904.

Which post office franked the foreign stamp and the IPO Tie-Print, Kiking Office, Hinning Office, or Swatow Office?

Where were the HK stamp & IPO tie-print put onto the card?

Before the Chinese Imperial Post reached the final postal treaties with other countries like France, Japan, Britain, etc., Chinese stamps were not recognized by foreign offices on which mail exchange with foreign countries had to rely upon. In addition to Chinese stamps franked by senders at the international rate, overseas mails must be franked with the same rate of foreign stamps applied by Chinese offices before they were handed to foreign offices. A seals over the edges of foreign stamp on cover/card by the Imperial Post Office (i.e., an IPO tie-print) was seen used between 1899 and 1903 (some late usage also exist). However, not all Chinese post offices kept a stock of foreign stamps (and these also did not stock stamps from ALL the countries), only the district Head and Sub-Offices had the responsibility to stock foreign stamps and to use the I.P.O. tie-print. According to Report on the Working of the Post Office for the Year 1905 published by order of the Inspector General of Customs and Posts, there were 30 such Head and Sub-Offices in 1901, same number in 1902, increased to 34 in 1903, and 40 in 1904. By the way, the number of branch offices in 1904 was 352. Based on philatelists' study and records, about 30 offices used the I.P.O. tie-print. Webb's book The Philatelic and Postal History of Hong Kong and the Treaty Ports of China and Japan listed 27 such offices, and Mizuhara's essay Study of "I.P.O" Tie-print listed 29 offices, adding Kongmoom and Tangshan. The IPO Team of the Postal History Society of China added Taku in their report. 

The 1904 postal card in question was originated from Kiling, and was then forwarded to Hsingning. Both the Lunar Daters having "Canton" on the top partition of their daters to indicate that these cities were both in Canton province. You would assume that the cover would go to the Canton head office and receive a Canton I.P.O. tie-print. However, we did not see any Canton postmark, but instead a Swatow Bilingual Dater. Further investigation revealed that in the Report on the Working of the Post Office for the Year 1905, both Kiling and Hsingning were actually under the Swatow district office. Canton was subsequently listed as Swatow's corresponding head office. So this item was sent to Swatow PO and received the tie-print there. As branch offices Kiling and Hsingning were not permitted to handle foreign stamps. On the other hand, Swatow as district head office kept a stock of foreign adhesives and conducted mail exchange with Hong Kong PO directly. Therefore, the Hong Kong stamp and the I.P.O. tie-print on the card were affixed and applied by Swatow Chinese post office.


By Paul Lee---filatelist@hotmail.com
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